The Gladys Valley Marine Studies Building is engineered to survive a magnitude 9.0+ earthquake and resulting tsunami. Its rooftop is designed to be an emergency assembly site for more than 900 people after an earthquake.
The Gladys Valley Marine Studies Building (GVMSB) is designed to provide a safe place for people to gather after an earthquake, out of the path — and above the water — of a possible tsunami.
This heavily engineered building offers a vertical evaluation structure with supplies on the rooftop to support over 920 people for up to two days following a Cascadia-level event. This building is designed to withstand a 9+ earthquake and to survive an XXL tsunami event. The building is also designed to be repairable after a large (L) tsunami event. The addition of the GVMSB improves the safety of the people who work and play at Hatfield and in the surrounding South Beach community.
The Hatfield campus also offers two ground-level evacuation routes people can walk to avoid a tsunami inundation event. These routes go to Safe Haven Hill west of Highway 101 and the Oregon Coast Community College to the south. Learn about these evacuation options by participating in the HMSC Tsunami Options Quest(pdf), a free-choice learning activity that uses clues to teach people about a place or event.
This building is specially designed to resist earthquake and tsunami forces. There are three roof access points: a ramp, stairs, and an emergency elevator with backup power to help people get to the rooftop assembly area above the height of tsunami waves.
On the roof is a cache filled with survival supplies to support 920 people for two days. It includes water, food, sanitation, shelters, communication, personal warmth, lighting, and trauma first aid supplies.
The Gladys Valley Marine Studies Building is actually two buildings built with a small V-shaped gap between them. This gap allows each wing to move independently during an earthquake.
The structural steel columns are designed to be compromised and not impact the life-saving function of the roof.
The building's design includes a "bumper" around the building to maintain structural integrity when tsunami-carried debris strikes the building. The guardrail on the roof marks the location of offset structural I-beams.
The nonstructural walls are designed to wash out when struck by the force of the tsunami waves. However, this will not alter the integrity of the rooftop assembly area.
There are 250 vertical panels under the building in a grid pattern. These panels were made by mixing cement grout into the soil. The panels create a friction foundation nearly 100 feet deep, roughly twice as deep as the height of the building. This design will stabilize the soft soils under the building created from liquefaction during the earthquake. It will also help avoid washing out under the building during the tsunami.
There are six 50-foot hold-down rods along the center of the building and 44 30-foot hold-down rods around the lab wing. These anchor the building to the foundation panels so it can resist a tsunami's impact and the buoyancy uplift of water forces.
The walls around the elevator, stairs and under the ramp are hardened with rebar and concrete. They are also tied to the foundation panels. These walls are designed to allow movement during the earthquake and handle the lateral force of the tsunami waves while maintaining structural integrity.
Schematics of the three options for accessing the rooftop evacuation area are pictured below.
Deep-soil mixing is a technique used to stabilize the ground under a building. Augers are used to pull out existing soil and replace it with cement grout. In the case of the GVMSB, the augers went nearly 100 feet below ground and used approximately 27,380 cubic yards of grout. The video clip below captures this process.